La Fuerza Aérea del Perù venne fondata nel 1910 in seno alla costituzione della Liga Nacional Pro-Aviation. Il primo volo avvenne nel gennaio 1911 con un Bleriot XI e già nel 1916 i primi ufficiali vennero mandati in Argentina per iniziare l’addestramento.
La prima “Esquela de Centro de Aviacion”, equipaggiata con i Caudron G-3, divenne il nucleo addestrativo iniziale, mentre nel 1920 fu costituito il “Cuerpo de Aviadores Navales” ad Ancon Harbour.
Il 27 novembre del 1923, sulla base di Las Palmas, fu formata la “Esquela de Aviacion Militar Jorge Chavez” che ancora oggi funge da “Scuola Militare di Volo”.
Nel corso del 1933 la FAP fu impegnata nella guerra con la Colombia, durante la quale vennero utilizzati i Vought Corsair I e i Curtiss Hawks. In seguito venne formato a Chiclayo lo “Esquadron de Aviacion N.1” con un assortimento di aerei di vario tipo comprendente Caproni Ca111/114/135, Potez 39A-2, Douglas 8A-3P e N.A. NA-50.
Nel 1942 la FAP fu coinvolta in un conflitto con l’Ecuador e nel corso di questa Guerra il Comandante CAP Josè Abelardo Quinones Gonzales rimase ucciso nel suo NA-50 durante un raid aereo su Quebrada Seca in Ecuador. Ancora oggi è il Patrono della FAP ed il suo sacrificio viene ricordato ogni anno il 23 luglio, giorno delle Forze Armate Aeree.
Ufficialmente la FAP venne costituita il 18 luglio 1950 con la separazione del Dipartimento dell’Aviazione da quello Navale.
L’era del jet nella FAP iniziò a metà degli anni cinquanta con l’arrivo di alcuni T 33A, F 86E, Hunter e Canberra che ne costituiranno l’ossatura per molti anni.
Nel 1975 ebbe inizio una nuova era con l’acquisizione dei primi velivoli di costruzione sovietica: elicotteri da trasporto Mil Mi 8T e Mi 6 e velivoli An 26 ed An 32.
La prima linea ricevette poi un gruppo di cacciabombardieri Sukhoi Su 22A che combinati con un mix variegato composto da C 130, An 72, Bell 205, Mirage 5 e A 37P trasformarono la FAP in una Forza Aerea non dipendente da un solo fornitore.
Nel 1981 e nel 1995 la FAP fu nuovamente coinvolta in conflitti armati con l’Ecuador per la supremazia sul territorio di Cenepa.
Ordine di Battaglia:
Grupo Aereo N. 4 La Joya AB Mirage 2000
Grupo Aereo N. 2 Vitor AB Mil Mi 35
Grupo Aereo N. 51 Pisco AB Zlin 242L, EMB 312 Tucano, MB 339AP Schweizer H300C più altri tipi
Grupo Aereo N. 6 Chiclayo AB Mig 29SE/UB
Grupo Aereo N. 7 Piura AB OA 37B, T 41
Grupo Aereo N. 11 El Pato AB SU 22M-3/UM, SU 25K/UB, T 41
Grupo Aereo N. 8 Lima-Callao L 100-30, An 72 più altri tipi
Grupo Aereo N. 3 Lima-Callao Mil Mi 17, Mil Mi 8, Bell 212
Grupo Aereo N. 42 Iquitos AB Dhc 6, F 28, Pc 6 più altri tipi
Struttura di Comando
Ala Aerea N.1 Piura - Grupo Aereos N. 6-7-11
Ala Aerea N.2 Lima Callao - Grupo Aereos N. 3-8
Ala Aerea N.3 Arequipa - Grupo Aereos N. 2-4-9
Ala Aerea N.4 Cuzco - none
Ala Aerea N.5 Iquitos - Grupo Aereo N. 42 di cui alle dirette dipendenze il Grupo Aereo N.51-S.A.N.
The FAP has been created in 1910 when the Liga Nacional Pro-Aviation was formed.
This resulted in a first flight in January 1911 with a Bleriot XI, was realized in 1915 and by 1916 officers were sent to Argentina for flight training.
The first “Esquela de Centro de Aviacion” equipped with Caudron G-3 aircraft became it’s flight training so in 1920 was constitution of the “Cuerpo de Aviadores Navales” at Ancon Harbour.
In November 27, 1923, in the Base of Las Palmas was formed the “Esquela de Aviacion Militar Jorge Chavez” that is still used to day as “Military Flight School” .
During the 1933 FAP was involved in the war with Colombia and were used Vought Corsair I and Curtiss Hawks, later was formed in Chiclayo the “Esquadron de Aviacion N.1” with an assortment of aircrafts types like Caproni Ca111/114/135, Potez 39A-2, Douglas 8A-3P and N.A. NA-50.
In 1942 FAP was involved in a conflict with Ecuador and, during this war, Capitan CAP Josè Abelardo Quinones Gonzales was killed in his NA-50 during in air raid on Quebrada Seca in Ecuador, now he is the Patron of the FAP and his sacrifice is honored by celebrating the Day of the Air Force on July, 23.
Officially the FAP was formed in July 18, 1950 with separation of the Department of Aviation from Naval Department.
The jet age of the FAP started in the mid-fifties when T 33A, F 86E, Hunter and Canberra formed his backbone.
In 1975 started a new era because the first aircraft types from Soviet Union enter in service; Mil Mi 8T and Mi 6 transport helicopters were acquiring with An 26 and An 32 transports.
The first line received the a group of Sukhoi Su 22A fighter-bombers; combined with the arrival of C 130, An 72, Bell 205, Mirage 5 and A 37P, the FAP turned into a varied air arm, not dependent on one single supplier of hardware.
In 1981 and 1995 FAP was still involved in a conflict with Ecuador over Cenepa lands.
Order of Battle
Grupo Aereo N. 4 La Joya AB Mirage 2000
Grupo Aereo N. 2 Vitor AB Mi 35
Grupo Aereo N. 51 Pisco AB Zlin 242L EMB 312 Tucano MB 339AP Schweizer H300C Various
Grupo Aereo N. 6 Chiclayo AB MiG 29SE/UB
Grupo Aereo N. 7 Piura AB OA 37B T 41
Grupo Aereo N. 11 El Pato AB SU 22M-3/UM SU 25K/UB T 41
Grupo Aereo N. 8 Lima-Callao L 100-30 An 72 Various
Grupo Aereo N. 3 Lima-Callao Mil Mi 17 Mil Mi 8 Bell 212
Grupo Aereo N. 42 Iquitos AB DHC 6 F 28 PC 6 Various
Ala Aerea N.1 Piura Grupo Aereos N. 6-7-11
Ala Aerea N.2 Lima-Callao Grupo Aereos N. 3-8
Ala Aerea N.3 Arequipa Grupo Aereos N. 2-4-9
Ala Aerea N.4 Cuzco none
Ala Aerea N.5 Iquitos Grupo Aereo N. 42
Directly reporting Grupo Aereo N. 51-S.A.N.
BA Las Palmas (Lima)
Las Palmas is home to the school "Esquela de Aviacion Militar Jorge Chavez". The school is dedicated at Don Jorge Chávez Dartnell, engineer and aviator, pioneer of aviation nationally and globally, at the beginning of the twentieth century gave glory and luster to Peru with his heroic deeds, breaking some records for altitude and duration of flight, was the first aviator in the world to cross the mighty Andes in the September 23, 1910. Chavez will always be in the Air Force of Peru and will be remembered by generations of aviators of today and tomorrow . The remains of Jorge Chavez are kept in a mausoleum in the Plaza de Armas present in the Las Palmas Air Base along with the monument that hold the remains of Captain José Quiñones .
In the building that formerly housed the School for Officers have now created a museum dedicated to the Air Force. The FAP was the first Air Force of South America to open the doors of his Academy to female crews .
The G. A. N.6 was created in the Air Base “Cap. Josè Abelardo Quinones” at Chiclayo in the eighty years and soon was provided of the personnel necessary for the use of the aircraft AMD Mirage M 5P.
In 1996 FAP acquired the new fighter Mig 29 Fulcrum A from Russia that was assigned to Esq. 612, the Mirages goes into Esq. 611 now disbanded.
Today the Esq. 612 operate with Mig 29C and UB.
BA El Pato
Based at El Pato AB near the city of Talara site in the northern Peru more than 1.000 km from Lima, the G.A.M. 11 is the most important group of the FAP also post to defense of the oil wells in the zone of Talara.
Is has three system of arms:
Esquadron N. 111 with Sukhoi SU 22A/M-3/UM
Esquadron N. 112 with Sukhoi SU 25A/UB
Esquadron de Defensa N. 118 with SAM-3 Pechora and ZU-23
Initially were acquired 32 SU 22A Fitter-E and 4 two seater Fitter-F powered with Tumansky R-29BS-300 after replaced with the SU 22M-3.
His armament comprise two NR-30 gun, rocket pods and UV-32A-57, gun pod UPK-23-250, for his defense can use R-3 AA-2 Atoll.
During Cenepa conflict Esq.111 has employed 38 missions and two aircraft were lost and pilot killed.
In 1998 were acquired 18 SU 25 from Belarus that were assigned to Esq. 112. The Frogfoot further of his “Close Air Support” employ, are used in counter-narcos mission.
BA Lima Callao
The Grupo Aereo de Transporte N.8 based at Lima-Callao and composed with Esquadrones de Trasporte 841 (B 737), 842 (AN 32B) and 843 (C 130 – L 100) further is normal FAP’s support mission, it most engaged on flying supply transports to the zone of Selva (woodland) and Altopianos (tableland) towns where the roads not exist.
Also based at Lima-Callao the Grupo Aereo N.3, composed with Esq. de Helicòpteros 331 (Bo 105 – Bell 212) and 341 (Mil Mi 17) assure the SAR missions in fact, one helicopter is always ready to leave.
The N. 3 is assigned also to VIP transports.
In the “BA Capitan Renan Elias Oliveira” at Pisco was based the G.A.N. 9 that operate with the evergreen E.E. Canberra, in service since sixties now wfu.
Actually in base there is the G.A.N.51 of the Air Training School
The Esq. N.712 of the G.A.N.7 is, at present, most active in the war counter the narco’s flying that from Bolivia go to Brazil across Perù territory, since 1991, 98 narco’s aircrafts have been shoot down.
His pilots have missions especially during the night and use the infrared system and NPS satellite guide.
The Esq. 711 has the duty to advanced training of the pilots assigned to the other “Esquadrones”.